What is blood clot?
A clot is a blood clot that changes from a liquid to a gel-like or semi-aggregate state. Clotting is an essential process that can prevent you from losing too much blood in some cases, such as when you are injured or bitten. Some blood clots are formed inside your nerves without a good reason and do not break naturally. These may require medical attention, especially if they are on your feet or in more important places, such as your lungs and brain. Many types of conditions can cause this type of blood clot.
When a vein is formed in your veins, it does not always dissolve itself. It can be a very dangerous and even life-threatening situation.
Usually a blood clot will not harm you, but there is a chance that it can be dangerous. If a blood clot becomes free and goes through your nerves to your heart and lungs, then it can stuck and stop blood flow.
There is an impossible task in the blood: it should flow in your body continuously and smoothly throughout your life, but when you get cut or hurt, stop quickly to stop the spread.
Blood clots are healthy and prevent bleeding. But they can also happen when they are not needed and there are heart attacks, strokes, or other serious medical problems.
How does a blood clot form?
The life cycle of a normal blood clot depends on a series of chemical interactions.
1. Platelets make a plug.
Tiny bits in your blood are called platelets, when the blood vessel gets damaged, then it becomes “turned on” by triggers coming out. They stick to the walls and walls in each other, changing the shape to form a plug that fills in the broken part so that the blood is prevented from getting out.
2. Clot grows.
Protein in your blood is called clotting factor, which indicates the intense chain reaction to each other. It ends with a dissolving substance in your blood, which turns into a long strand of fibrin. These plugs get entangled with platelets so that one can make a net that also traps platelets and cells.
3. Reactions stop its development.
Other protein extra clotting factors compensate the protein, so the clot does not spread excessively.
4. Your body slowly breaks it.
As the damaged tissue heals, you do not need any more clot.
Some risk factors increase the likelihood of your blood clotting. Recently living in a hospital, especially with a long surgery or a major surgery, increases the risk of your blood clot.
These things are also inside the waxy cholesterol plaques formed in the arteries. If the plaque breaks, they will start the process of clotting. Most heart attacks and strokes occur when a plaque bursts suddenly in your heart or brain.
Blood clots can also be formed when your blood does not flow properly. If it pools in your blood vessels or heart, then platelets are more likely to stick together.
• Age, especially if you are 65 years old
• Long journeys, such as any trip that will allow you to sit for more than four hours at a time
• Long-term bed rest or stagnant
• History of a family of blood clots
• Some birth control pills
Symptoms and symptoms of blood clotting depend on whether clot is in an artery or vein and is located in the body. For example, there may be a clot in the artery for severe pain developing quickly. If a vein is affected, then the pain is likely to become milky and the severity is increased in several hours or days. Any blood clot may have a feeling of swelling, tingling, tenderness, or heat.
If there is an artery carrying the brain, then there may be neurological symptoms such as confusion or paralysis, possibly indicating a stroke. Having a blood clot in the leg may cause swelling in the leg, because it is larger than the other leg and can be a sign of DVT.
If blood clots are formed in the coronary artery, symptoms of heart attack include: chest tightness or tightness in the hands, dizziness.
Your circulatory system is made up of vessels called veins and arteries, which transport blood throughout your body. Blood clots can occur in the veins or arteries.
When blood clot is found in the artery, it is called an artery clot. This type of clot causes immediate symptoms and requires emergency treatment. Symptoms of arterial clotting include severe pain, paralysis of the body parts or both. This can lead to heart attack or stroke.
deep vein thrombosis:
Deep Wayne thrombosis (DVT) is the name when a clot is formed in one of the deep veins of your body. It is most common to be in one of your legs, but it can occur in your arms, pelvis, lungs or even your brain.
There is no way to know if you have a blood clot without medical guidance or not. If you know the most common symptoms and risk factors, then you can give yourself the best shot when you go looking for an expert option.
1. Anticoagulant Drugs:
These block one or more clotting factors, a group of blood proteins that are responsible for blood clotting.
2. Anti-plateate drugs:
These drugs are used to reduce the “viscosity” of platelets, small blood components that form blood clotting nuclei. These medicines prevent blood clotting, by stopping the ability to hold platelets together.
3. Thrombolytic Drugs:
These powerful drugs, also known as fibrinolytic agents or “clot busters”, are intravenous to dissolve the blood clot that is in the process of making. For the most part, their use is restricted to those patients, who are within the first few hours of an acute heart attack or stroke in an attempt to reopen the blocked artery and prevent permanent tissue damage.
This is often the first test used to diagnose a stroke. It is also useful for confirmation of a pulmonary embolus.
5. MRI scan:
MRI scans can be used to detect clots in the blood vessels.
6. Angiography or Veneography:
These catheterization techniques in which a dye is injected into a blood vessel where a clot is suspected; Then X-ray is taken to detect clot