What is vomiting of pregnancy : Cause, Symptoms, Medication, Treatment

Asian women puking in the bathroom

What is vomiting of pregnancy?

Unfortunately, there is a common occurrence of vomiting during pregnancy, in which 60-70% of pregnant women are facing vomit in the form of an inappropriate symptoms of morning sickness. Morning illness, especially vomiting, is one of the most common complaints expressed by mothers.

On being pregnant, it is one of the common inconveniences that transform women to help the American Pregnancy Association.

It is a natural thing to have vomiting in pregnancy. During this time, there are many types of changes that happen internally and externally in women. Hormonal changes cause problems such as chills and vomiting. In nine months of pregnancy, the woman has to face many such problems.

1. Apart from this, other functions of vomiting at the time of pregnancy include certain types of aroma, certain foods, fatigue, stress, anxiety and deficiency of vitamins and minerals.

2. Vomiting and nausea are more in the morning, and as the day progresses, it decreases, while in some other women it decreases in the morning and increases as the day progresses.

3. Most women have vomiting problems for the first 3 months, after which they stop vomiting, but in some women this can last longer

4. The reason for this can increase estrogen hormone, stress, acidity, smell more etc. It can be different for all, ie, less or more, for a long time or longer, or for some days, and for some more days. Someone is afraid of someone who does not vomit and someone is vomit

5. Pregnant women are prone to getting vomiting during the first trimester. But some women feel during this whole pregnancy.


The exact reasons for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy are still not known. Although it is believed that hormonal changes play an important role in it:

Estrogen levels:

Experts believe that this can be due to an increase in estrogen levels, which is 100 times higher during pregnancy compared to normal levels. Although it has not yet been fully proven.

Progesterone levels:

Progesterone level also increases in pregnant women. The high level of progesterone relaxes the uterus (contraceptive) muscles to prevent premature delivery. Although it relaxes the stomach and intestines, which can result in extra acid accumulation in the stomach and may lead to gastroesophageal reflux disease, GERD or acid reflux.


Due to the flow of energy in the baby from the mother’s body, the level of blood glucose decreases. However this has not been proven yet.

Human chorionic gonadotropin, HCG:

The secretion of this hormone is done by the fetus and later by the placenta immediately after getting pregnant. According to some experts, HCG can be related to morning sickness.

Sense of smell:

During pregnancy, the sensitivity of the odor increases, which can cause problems of mild dissolving.


Disease in the morning: Some women experience nausea and vomiting in the morning. Most women have nausea throughout the day, all day long.

• A pregnant woman can increase saliva, increase sensitivity in some odor, and change the taste of some foods.

• Symptoms usually start four to eight weeks after the woman’s last menstrual cycle, peak in approximately 9-11 weeks, and go for 14-16 weeks in pregnancy.

• Fever, diarrhea, and severe stomach pain are not associated with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. If these symptoms occur, be sure to talk to your doctor as it may be something other than morning sickness.

Hyperemesis gravidarum:

This condition occurs when a pregnant woman is vomiting, resulting in weight loss of more than 5% of her body weight, and there is evidence of dehydration. Hyperemesis gravidarum is an extreme form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, which sometimes requires recruitment in hospital. It is different from the morning sickness and very bad.


Light cases of hypermesis gravidrum can be controlled with changes in diet, comfort and antacids. In severe cases, specialist treatment may be required, and you may need to be hospitalized so that doctors can assess your condition and give you the right treatment. To prevent vomiting, there may be intravenous fluids given through drip to treat cationisms and treatment.

• For nausea in the morning, eat toast, cereals, crackers, or other dry foods before leaving the bed.

• Eat paneer, lean meat, or other high protein snacks before sleeping.

• Sipa fluid, such as fruit juices, water, or ice chips all day long. Do not drink too much fluid at a time.

• Eat small meals or snacks every two to three hours instead of three large meals per day.

• Do not eat fried, greasy, or spicy food.

• Avoid foods that are strong odor which are troublesome. Or eat food or eat at room temperature.


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