What is ulcerative colitis: 5 Types, Cause, Symptoms, Treatment, Medicine

ulcerative colitis (UC)

What is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a inflammatory disease that potentially affects the whole large bowel (colon and rectum). Swelling is limited to the lowest layer of intestinal wall (mucus). UC can go into discount and repetition. If UC requires surgery, it is usually remedial.

Ulcerative colitis (Ul-sur-Uh-tiv Co-Lei-TIS) is a inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes prolonged inflammation and ulcers (lesion) in your digestive system. Ulcerative colitis affects your upper intestine (colon) and the underlying lining of the rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time rather than suddenly.

Ulcerative colitis can be weak and can sometimes cause life-threatening complications. If you or your loved one has recently been diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, then learning as much as you can learn about ulcerative colitis is important. By developing a better understanding of ulcerative colitis, you will be prepared to manage its symptoms and live a full life.

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease of the large intestine, also called the colon, in which the lining of the colon becomes swollen and small open wounds, or ulcers develop, which produce pulse and mucus. The combination of swelling and ulceration can cause stomach discomfort and constant release of the colon

How is ulcerative colitis?

• Excessive bleeding

• A hole in the colon (punctured colon)

• Severe dehydration

• Liver disease (rare)

• Bone loss (osteoporosis)

• Swelling of your skin, joints and eyes

• A great risk of colon cancer

• A rapid swelling colon (toxic megacolon)

• increased risk of blood clot in veins and arteries

Types of ulcerative colitis?

Types of ulcerative colitis include:

1. Ulcerative proctitis.

Swelling is confined to the area near the anus (rectum), and rectal bleeding may be the only sign of disease. This form of ulcerative colitis is the slightest.

2. Proctosigmoiditis

Swelling involves the rectum and the sigmoid colon (lower end of the colon). Symptoms and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, and despite the urge to do so, the inability to move the intestines (tensile) is included.

3. Left sided cholitis.

Swelling is spread through the anus through the sigmoid and descending colon. Symptoms and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, cramping in the stomach and pain on the left, and unwanted weight loss.

4. Pancolitis

Panaclitis often affects the whole colon and is caused by bloody diarrhea which can be severe, abdominal cramps, and pain, fatigue and significant weight loss.

5. Acute severe ulcerative colitis.

This rare form of colitis affects the whole colon and causes severe pain, diarrhea, bleeding, fever and inability to eat.

What is the cause of ulcerative colitis?

One possible reason is an immune system is bad. When your immune system tries to fight an attacking virus or bacteria, unusual immune response causes the immune system to attack cells in the digestive system.

Hereditary also plays a role in ulcerative colitis, which is more common among members of the family with the illness.

Ulcerative colitis affects about the same number of women and men.

1. Ages.

Ulcerative colitis usually begins before 30 years. But, it can happen at any age, and some people can not develop the disease till the age of 60.

2. race or ethnicity

Although white is the highest risk of disease, it can be in any race. If you are of non-Scansion Jewish origin, then your risk is also high.

3. family history.

If you have close relatives such as parents, brothers or children with illness, then you are at greater risk.

What are the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?

For the first time in life (60 to 70 years of age) for the first time a small number of experience symptoms. The symptoms of UC are similar to that of Cron, when the latter only affects the colon and the anus. The most common symptoms of UC include:

Stomach cramps

• Pain

• Diarrhea

• Bleeding with bowel movements is bleeding


• Tiredness

• weight event

• Diarrhea, often with blood or pulse

• Stomach pain and cramping

• Rectal Pain

• Rectal bleeding – passing a small amount of blood with stool

• urgency to defeat

• Inability to defeat in spite of urgency

Weight Loss

• Fatigue

What is the treatment of ulcerative colitis?

The first step is to go through a complete medical history and physical examination. After this, additional testing may be required. It may include blood tests, rectum, colon and terminal ileum (the end of the small intestine, which tampered with the large intestine) as well as a full colonoscopy of X-rays.

This assessment helps in determining the extent and severity of UC, the rule of other diseases such as cron’s disease and guide management.

1. blood test.

Your doctor may suggest a blood test to check for anemia – in a situation where there is not enough red blood cells to keep your tissue sufficient oxygen – or to check the symptoms of infection.

2. stool sample.

White blood cells in your stool may indicate ulcerative colitis. A bowel sample can also help in the cancellation of other disorders, such as infections due to bacteria, viruses and parasites.

3. Colonoscopy.

This test allows your doctor to see his entire colon using a thin, flexible, light tube with an attached camera. During the procedure, your doctor may also take small samples of tissue (biopsy) for laboratory analysis. Occasionally a tissue sample can help confirm the diagnosis.

4. Flexible sigmoidoscopy.

Your doctor uses a thin, flexible, light tube to examine the anus and sigmoid in the last part of your colon. If your colon is severely swollen, then your doctor can test it instead of the complete colonoscopy.

5. X-ray.

If you have serious symptoms, then your doctor can use the standard X-ray area of ​​the stomach to deal with serious complications such as perforated colon.

ulcerative colitis (UC)

6. Limit dairy products.

Many people with inflammatory bowel disease know that limiting or destroying diarrhea products increases problems like diarrhea, stomachache and gas. You can be lactose intolerant – that is, your body can not digest milk sugar (lactose) in dairy foods. Using enzyme products like lactaid can also help.

7. Limit fiber, if it is a problem.

If you have inflammatory bowel disease, high fiber foods like fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains can further worsen your symptoms. If raw fruit and vegetables trouble you, try steam, baking or stewing them.
Generally, you may have more problems with the cabbage family, such as broccoli and cauliflower, and foods in nuts, seeds, corn and popcorn.

What is the medicine of ulcerative colitis?

• Antibiotics

People with ulcerative colitis can take antibiotics to help with the prevention or control of the infection.

• Anti-diarrheal medicines

For severe diarrhea, loperamide (emodium) can be effective. Use anti-diarrheal medicines with great care

• Painkiller

 For acute pain, acetaminophen may recommend – but not ibuprofen naproxen sodium, and Diclofenac sodium, which can spoil the symptoms and increase the severity of the disease.

• Iron supplements

If you have bleeding in the old intestines, you can develop iron deficiency anemia and iron supplements can be given.


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