What is Tuberculosis : Cause, Symptoms, Medication, Treatment


What is Tuberculosis?

The skin of the skin is the largest and most elaborate organ of our body which covers our entire body and its structure in the body is very complex and it acts like a protector for our body in a way because it is our only All body parts, blood vessels, glands, cells remain hidden.

The skin protects our body from heat and external factors and in a sense it is a waterproof and gas-proof layer for us, which also protects the body from the sun’s heat and its ill effects, and also in our body. Essential vitamins ‘D’ is also formed by the sun’s heat through our skin.

The abnormal state of any part of the skin is called dermatoses. The skin of the skin is a big system. It is in direct contact with the external environment. Apart from this, many other instruments or diseases of the disease (such as babasir) are also expressed through the skin.

The skin is the most elaborate organ of the body, and it is the organ that resides in the contact of the external world. This is why it is harmful to many things. The effect of this loss does not affect the internal components of the body. There are different types of skin diseases. The skin can be easily seen.

How does Tuberculosis occur?

Our body changes every day, most of which we do not even have an idea about. Just like ours, nails, hair, etc. increase our skin also changes. When the whole new skin is made in our body, during that time the new skin changes in a part of the body within 3-4 days. That is, during psoriasis the skin becomes so weak and light that it gets spoiled before it becomes complete.

Due to this, red drops and blood drops appear at the place of psoriasis. Although psoriasis is not a contagious disease and it is caused by not taking a healthy diet. If you have a lack of nutritious ingredients in your diet and you eat ghee-oil evenly, you can get this disease. Psoriasis is also caused by not having moisturizer on the skin, skin loss of skin and lack of adequate moisture. There is problem of psoriasis due to lack of skin care, staying out in very high sunlight, and not being able to eat light sunlight in the morning.

How does Tuberculosis spread?

According to the WHO, TB is the leading killer of HIV positive people. Other risk factors for receiving active TB disease include:

• diabetes

• End-stage kidney disease


• Some cancers

Medicines suppressing the immune system can put people at risk for developing active TB disease, especially medicines that help prevent organ transplant rejection.

Other medicines that increase your risk of getting TB include:

• Arthritis

Crohn’s disease

• psoriasis

• a type of tree

Traveling to areas where TB rates are high, increase your risk of contract of infection.

How does Tuberculosis work?

Most people in the high-risk areas around the world get TB vaccination as children. The vaccine is called Bacillus calmett-gurin, or BCG, and only protects against some TB strains. Vaccine is not usually given in the United States.

Having TB bacteria does not mean that you will have symptoms of active TB. If you have an infection and do not see symptoms, then you may have potential TB. Your doctor may recommend a small course of antibiotics to prevent the developing of active TB disease.

What is the cause of Tuberculosis?

TB bacteria spreads through air into infected droplets. Once they are in the air, one more close person can breathe them.

A person with tuberculosis can be transmitted to bacteria through:

• Sneeze


• Speaking

• Singing

People with a well-functioning immune system can not experience TB symptoms, even if they are infected with bacteria. It is known as a secretive or inactive TB infection.

According to the WHO, nearly one-fourth of the world’s population has immediate TB.
Latent TB is not infectious, but it can become an active disease over time. Active TB disease can make you and others ill.


What is the symptoms of Tuberculosis?

Active TB usually causes many symptoms that are usually related to the respiratory system, including blood or sperm (cough) cough. You may experience cough, which last for up to three weeks and hurts with cough or normal breathing.

Other symptoms include:

• Obvious fatigue

• fever

• night sweats

• Lack of appetite

• Weight Loss

While TB usually affects the lungs, it can also affect other organs such as the kidneys, spine, bone marrow, and brain. Depending on which organ is infected, the symptoms will vary. For example, you can urinate blood with kidney tuberculosis.

What is the treatment of Tuberculosis?

Many bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics for one or two weeks, but TB is different. People diagnosed with active TB disease usually have to combine medicines for six to nine months. Complete treatment course should be completed. Otherwise, it is likely that a TB infection can return. If TB repeats, it can be resistant to previous medicines and may be more difficult for treatment.

TB is a cureable and cureable disease. The active, drug-sensitive TB disease is treated with the standard 6-month course of 4 antimicrobial drugs, which provides information, supervision and support by the health worker or trained volunteers to the patient. Without such support, the treatment can be difficult to follow and the disease can spread. When medicines are provided and taken properly, the vast majority of TB cases can be cured.

What is the treatment of Tuberculosis?

Skin test

To determine whether you are infected with TB bacteria, your doctor may use a pure protein derivative (PPD) skin test.

For this test, your doctor will inject 0.1 ml of PPD (a small amount of protein) under the top layer of your skin. Between two and three days, you will have to go back to your doctor’s office to read the results. If your skin is more than 5 millimeters (mm), where PPD injection was given, then you may be TB-positive.

This test will tell you whether you have TB infection or not; It does not tell you whether you have active TB disease or not.

You can use the doctor blood test to follow TB skin outcomes. Blood test may be preferred even on certain test conditions or skin testing with specific groups of people. Currently, two TB blood tests approved in the United States are quantiferron and T-spot. The results of the blood test are reported as positive, negative, or uncertain. Like skin testing, blood tests can not indicate whether you have active TB disease or not.

chest X-ray

If your skin test or blood test is positive, you will probably be sent for chest x-ray, which is looking for some small spots in your lungs. These stains are a sign of TB infection and indicate that your body is trying to isolate TB bacteria.


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