What is the Joint pain?
Arthritis is a form of arthritis that causes sudden, serious attacks of pain, tenderness, redness, heat, and swelling (swelling) in some joints. It often affects a joint at one time, but can affect some or even many. Large toes are often affected, but arthritis can affect other joints in the feet (knee, ankle, foot) and often decrease in hands (arms, wrist and elbow). The spinal cord is rarely affected.
Arthritis is a common disease. It has been estimated that five million Arthritis sufferers may suffer in the United States. Even more conservative estimates have put this number in more than two million (Mayo Clinic Estimates). Both the population studies from the Mayo Clinic and Taiwan have seen a significant increase in the spread of arthritis compared to 20 years ago.
The spread of rheumatism has increased in both old and small people. Growth in young people has not been explained, but in at least parts it is related to the increase in the elderly, increase in life time, increase in weight (obesity associated with arthritis) and the use of diuretic. Directives are usually used for hypertension, for example, and they increase blood levels of uric acid and can increase the risk of arthritis.
What causes the Joint pain?
Arthritis results from excessive amounts of uric acid in the body, which leads to unusual deposits of uric acid crystals (also called monosodium-urate crystals) in the joints and soft tissues. The collection of uric acid in soft tissue leads to a lump, which is called tofus (toffee for many nodes). Uric acid crystals can also be made in the kidney, causing kidney stones.
Monosodium urate is made from a natural chemical uric acid in the body. Uric acid comes from natural breakdown of RNA and DNA (genetic material in cells). Alcohol and some foods contain large amounts of uric acid, especially red meat and internal organs (such as liver and kidney), some shellfish and anchovies. However, most of the meat contains uric acid. Patients who eat more meat and fish (and less dairy) or drink more beer and alcohol, are more prone to arthritis. A family history of arthritis can be a risk factor for the development of rheumatism, but this is not the case in all patients.
Uric acid in small quantities dissolves in the blood, and the likelihood of arthritis visits will be less. High amount of uric acid (more than 6.8 mg / dl) can cause crystals that can accumulate in joints and make a person more likely to develop arthritis.
The level of uric acid in your blood depends on:
1. Kidney function (lower kidney function, higher urine level)
2. What do you eat
3. How much alcohol do you drink
4. Which medicines you are taking
5. How much water do you drink (hydration)
6. Your Weight and Metabolic Risk Factors
What are the symptoms of Joint pain?
1. Sudden, acute joint pain, which often happens in the morning hours
2. Swelling, tender joint which is hot for touch
Got can be present in many ways, though there is a recurring attack of the most common acute inflammatory arthritis (a red, tender, hot, swollen joint). Based on the toe, the Metatarsal-Fangel joint is often affected, which is responsible for half the cases. Other additives such as high heels, knees, wrists, and fingers may also be affected. The joint pain usually starts more than 2-4 hours and during the night. This is mainly due to low body temperature. Other symptoms of fatigue and joint pain, including high fever, can rarely occur.
There are four stages of arthritis:
1. Odd hyperuricemia
2. Acute arthritis
3. Interval Arthritis
4. Chronic topesis arthritis
What is the treatment of Joint pain?
In most cases, your regular doctor can treat your arthritis. If you develop serious complications or chronic spherical arthritis, then your doctor may refer you to arthroscopic. This type of doctor specializes in arthritis.
Your doctor’s prescribed treatment plan will depend on the level and severity of your arthritis. Your doctor can determine:
1. Coltsisin to reduce pain in your joint
3. Corticosteroids, such as phenyls, to reduce swelling and pain in your joint
4. Medicines to reduce the production of uric acid in your body, such as allopurinol
5. Medicines to help your body eliminate uric acid, such as probenecid
With medicines, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes to manage your symptoms and reduce the risk of future arthritic attacks.
Arthritis can not be diagnosed with blood tests only because many people may have increased the level of blood uric acid, but arthritis can never be developed. Instead, arthritis is best diagnosed with fluid fluid from a swollen swelling joint. For the presence of monosodium urate crystals, the fluid is tested under polarized microscope. Arthritis can be suspected on the basis of clinical presentation or some imaging studies.
Joint pain medicine?
Arthritis often happens in the combination of other medical problems. Metabolic syndrome, obesity in the stomach, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and abnormal lipid level combination occur in approximately 75% of cases. Other complications complicated by arthritis include lead poisoning, kidney failure, hemolytic anemia, psoriasis, congenital organ transplantation and myeloproliferative disorders such as polycythemia. A body mass index greater than or equal to 35 increases man’s risk of three times rheumatism. Chronic lead exposure and lead-corrosive alcohol are the risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis due to the harmful effects of the lead on the kidneys work.
Diuretics are associated with rheumatic attacks, but low dose risk of hydrochlorothiazide does not increase. Other risk factors include exposure to niacin, aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (excluding Losarton), beta blockers, retinavir and pyrazinamide. Immunosuppressive drugs ciclosporin and tacrolimus are also associated with arthritis, and more so when used in combination with hydrochlorothiazide.