What is the arthritis : Cause, Symptoms, Treatment and Medication


What is the arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis is an old swelling disorder which can affect more than your joints. In some people, this condition can also damage various types of body systems, including skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels.

An Automobile Disorder, Rheumatoid occurs when your immune system accidentally attacks your body’s tissues.

Swelling associated with rheumatoid arthritis can also damage other parts of the body. While new types of drugs have dramatically improved treatment options, severe rheumatoid arthritis can still cause physical efficiency.

Rheumatoid is a common word that describes swelling in joints. Rheumatoid  is a type of old rheumatic (resulting in pain and swelling), which usually occurs in pairs in a similar way (on both sides of the body, such as hand, wrist and knees). This partnership of many joints helps to isolate rheumatoid from other types of arthritis.


The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. Although infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria and fungus have long been suspected, there has not been proven as any reason. The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is a very active area of ​​global research. It is believed that the tendency of developing rheumatoid arthritis can be inherited in a genetic (hereditary).

Some genes have been identified which increase the risk for rheumatoid arthritis. It is also suspected that some infections or factors in the environment can trigger the activation of the immune system in sensitive individuals. This mis-guided immune system then attacks the body’s own tissues. It swollen joints and sometimes leads to various parts of the body such as lungs or swelling in the eyes.

It is not known how the formation of rheumatoid arthritis triggers. Regardless of the exact trigger, the result is an immune system that is designed to promote inflammation in the joints and to stimulate the body’s sometimes other tissues.


symptoms of rheumatoid  may include:

1. Tender, hot, swollen joints

2. Combined hardness which usually gets worse in the morning and after inactivity

3. Fatigue, Fever and Weight Loss

Early rheumatoid arthritis first affects your younger joints – especially the joints that connect your fingers with your hands and your toes.

Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non-physical structures, including the following:

1. Skin

2. Eyes

3. Lungs

4. Heart

5. Kidneys

6. Salivary glands

7. Neural Tissue

8. Bone marrow

9. Blood vessels

Rheumatoid signs and symptoms can vary in severity and may even come and go. The duration of the activity of the illness, called flares, is optional with the duration of the alternative relationship – when swelling and pain becomes faded or disappeared. Over time, rheumatoid can distort joints and get out of place.



Medicines used for the treatment of rheumatoid can be divided into three groups:

Drugs that reduce pain and swelling:

These products include non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), and other similar products. Another type of drug – COX-2 blocker – also falls in this drug category, which provides relief to the symptoms and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.


Modified Antirerematic Drugs (DMARDS) Unlike other NSAIDs, DMARS can actually slow down the disease process by modifying the immune system. The old DMAIDs include methotrexite (traxal), gold salts, penicillamine (Kaprimin), hydroxychloroquine (placquenil), sulfasalazine (ezulfidine), cyclosporine (sandmun), cyclophosphamide (cytoksen) and lafluunomide (Arva). Currently, methotrexite, leflonomide, hydroxycloquine, and sulfasalazine are most commonly used.

There is no cure for rheumatoid arthritis. But recent discoveries indicate that relaxation of symptoms is more likely when treatment starts with strong drugs known as antirerematic drugs (DMARDS) that modify medicines.

Treatment and medicine?

The types of drugs recommended by your doctor depend on the severity of your symptoms and for how long Rheumatoid Arthritis.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can get rid of pain and reduce inflammation. Over-the-counter NSAIDs include ibuprofen (Edville, Motrin IB) and naproxen sodium (Elevation). Strong NSAIDs are available by prescription. Side effects can include ringing in your ears, abdominal irritation, heart problems, and damage to liver and kidney damage.

2. Steroids:

Corticosteroids reduce medicines such as phenyls, swelling and pain, and slow joint damage. Side effects can include bones, weight gain, and diabetes mellitus. With the goal of gradually reducing medicines, doctors often write a corticosteroid to get rid of acute symptoms.

3. Biological agents:

Also known as Biological Response Modifier, this new class of DMADs will include Abatecept (Orenia), Adalimeb (Humira), Anakina (Kinetet), Certolizumab (Syzya), Eterrept (Enbrel), Golímeb (Sympony) ), infliximab (Remicade), rituximab (Rituxan), tocilizumab (Actemra) and tofacitinib (Xeljanz).

Biological DMARs are usually the most effective when combined with a non-physiological dermard, such as methotrexate.



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