What is Shock : Cause, Symptoms, Medication, Treatment


What is Shock?

Shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the body does not get enough blood flow. The lack of blood flow means that cells and organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients to work properly. As a result, many organs can be damaged. This needs immediate remedies and can worsen very quickly. 1 out of 5 people suffering from shock will die from it.

This is a condition in which blood pressure is very low and enough oxygenated blood can maintain your body. The medical disorder  is not “shock”, people who suddenly feel painful. In the United States, the hospital emergency department reports more than one million cases of shock every year.

There are different types of shock. They include: Anaphylactic shock from allergic reaction, cardiogenic  due to cardiovascular deficiency, hypovolemic shock from bleeding, neurogenic shock from severe emotional disturbances, and septic  from your blood transfusion.


There are several main reasons:

1. Heart condition (heart attack, heart failure)

2. Heavy internal or external bleeding, such as severe injury or breakdown of blood vessel

3. Dehydration, especially when related to severe or heat sickness.

4. Infection (septic)

5. Severe allergic reaction (Anaphylactic )

The term “shock” can refer to a psychological or physically shock. Psychological is caused by a painful event and is also known as acute stress disorder. This type of causes a strong emotional reaction and can also cause physical reactions.

The focus of this article is on the causes of physical science and there are many reasons for this.

Your body enters when your body and tissues do not have enough blood circulation through your system to work properly.

Think about the body’s cardiovascular system, similar to the oil pump in your car. For efficient work, the electric pump needs to work to pump the oil, there is a need to have enough oil, and the oil lines need to be retained. If any of these components fails, the pressure of oil falls and the engine can be damaged. In the body, if the heart, blood vessels, or blood flow (circulation) fail, eventually death occurs.


Then you can experience one or more of the following:

1. Fast, weak, or absent pulse

2. Irregular heart beat

3. Fast, shallow breathing

4. Lightheadedness

5. Cold, Clammy skin

6. Spread student

7. Weak eyes

8. Chest pain

9. nausea

10. Confusion

The presentation of the shock is variable with some people such as minimal symptoms such as confusion and weakness. While the general signs for all types of  are low blood pressure, decrease in urine production, and confusion, they may not always be present.

While sharp heart rates are common, β-blockers are athletic, and 30% of cases due to stomach bleeding can lead to normal or slow heart rate. There may be additional symptoms in specific subtypes.



Depending on the type or cause of the treatments are different. Generally, the first treatment for all types of shock is the ambulance or fluid rehabilitation (a large amount of fluid to increase blood pressure rapidly) with a fourth in the emergency room.

The physician will also administer drugs such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, or dopamine in liquids to try to increase the patient’s blood pressure to ensure blood flow in vital organs.
Depending on the source and type of inherent infection, septic is treated with the quick administration of antibiotics.

These patients are often dehydrated and require large amounts of fluid to increase and maintain blood pressure.

The underlying cause of cardiogenic shock is treated by treating and treating it. The patient with heart attack may require a surgical procedure called cardiac catheterization to block the artery.

In order to support and increase the heartbeat power, patients with infectious heart failure may need medicines. In severe or prolonged cases, heart transplantation may be the only treatment.

Treating neurogenic is the most difficult. The damage to the spinal cord is often irreversible and produces problems with the body’s natural regulatory functions. In addition to liquids and surveillance, immobilization (leading to the spinal cord), anti-inflammatory medication such as steroids, and sometimes the main part of surgery is the treatment.

If you come to a person in then call on the initial reaction 911 and activate the emergency response system. Self-care at home is not appropriate.

Keep the person in a safe place and try to keep them warm and comfortable.

If the patient does not wake up, then is not breathing, and there is no heart beat, it is advisable to start chest compression after the American Heart Association guidelines. If someone is available then it is important to send someone to get AED.

Medical is a medical emergency. If you suspect, after the injury, even if the person looks stable, call 911 or take them to the emergency department immediately. Early treatment can save the life of a person.

The earliest is treated, the better. When it is treated quickly, the risk of damaging the vital organs of a person is less.

Your doctor’s treatment plan for shock will depend on the condition of your condition. Different types of, are treated differently.

For example, your doctor may use:

1. Epinephrine and other medicines to treat Anaphylactic

2. Blood transfusion to replace lost blood and treat hypovolemic

3. Medicines, cardiac surgery, or other intervention to treat cardiogenic 

4. Antibiotics to treat septic


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