What is Psoriasis : Cause, Symptoms, Medication, Treatment


What is Psoriasis?

Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of the skin cells. This causes cells to accelerate on the surface of the skin. Extra skin cells make scales and red patches that are itching and sometimes painful.

This is a chronic disease that often comes and goes. The main goal of treatment is to prevent skin cells from growing so quickly.

This is a non-transitive, chronic skin disease that produces a thick, scaly skin plaque. The result of the dry flakes of silver-white skin scales, due to the rapid spread of silver cells. This is basically the problem of an immune system. The spread of skin cells is triggered by inflammation chemicals produced by special white blood cells called T-cells. Psoriasis usually affects the skin of the elbow, knees and scalp.

This is considered to be a sick, chronic (old) swelling skin condition. There is a variable curriculum in it, periodically improving and getting worse. This is not unusual for being automatically clear and exempt for years. Many people deteriorate their symptoms during the cold winter months.

Like most chronic diseases, This may be associated with other health conditions such as soretic arthritis, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

The good news is that available treatment options and strategies are available that can help you stay well with psoriasis. Learn as much as possible about psoriasis and start out here by searching out the inside.


The exact cause remains unknown. Includes a combination of elements including genetic bias and environmental factors. It is common for psoriasis to be found in members of the same family. Control of defects and swelling in the immune system is considered to play a major role. Certain medicines like beta-blockers have been linked to psoriasis.

Despite research in the last 30 years, “master switch” which turns on is still a mystery.

The doctors are unclear to cause However, thanks to research for decades, he has a general idea of ​​two major factors: genetics and immune system.

The cause of is not fully understood, but it is considered to be related to the problem of the immune system in your body with T cells and other white blood cells called neutrophils.

T cells usually travel through the body to defend against foreign substances such as viruses or bacteria.

But if you have, T cells accidentally attack healthy skin cells, such as fixing the wound or fighting infection.

Overactive T cells tend to accelerate the growth of healthy skin cells, more T cells and other white blood cells, especially neutrophil production. They produce redness in the skin and occasionally wash in the prostillary lesions. Thinning blood vessels in the affected areas of produce heat and redness in skin lesions.

Generally, skin cells take approximately 21 to 28 days to change themselves, but in patients with psoriasis, they take about 2 to 6 days.

How to trigger this reaction is unclear, but people with psoriasis may find that injuries can occur in stress and anxiety, skin, infection, and hormonal changes.

Drugs that can trigger include lithium, antimalarial, quinine and indomethacin. Some people add with allergies, diet and weather, but this does not prove. It is not infectious.




Skins cells flow all the time, but in psoriasis, both dead and living cells gather on the surface of the skin, because the replacement process is so fast.

Main characteristics:

1. Red, Bright, Christy Patch, which are covered with silver scales that flows easily

2. Acute itching and burning

Approximately 80 percent of people have mild psoriasis, and another 20 percent have moderate to severe psoriasis.

Psoriasis can affect any part of the body, but it mostly appears as a small patch on the elbow, knee, lower part and scalp.

Psoriasis patch may be from some places of dandruff-like scaling for major blasts that cover large areas.

Most types of psoriasis go through cycles, shine for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a time or even going to full relaxation.

Treatment and Medicines?

If the diagnosis is confirmed, the treatment will depend on the type and severity of this condition. The main options include topical therapy, systemic therapy, and phototherapy.
Use alone, cream and ointment applied to your skin can treat lightly medium psoriasis. When the disease is more serious, cream can be combined with oral medicines or light therapy.

Topical treatments include :

1. Topical corticosteroids :

These medicines are the most prescribed medicines for the treatment of light-to-moderate. They reduce inflammation and can get rid of itching and can be used with other treatments.

Light corticosteroid plaster is usually recommended for sensitive areas, such as your face or skin dome, and to treat the wider patch of damaged skin.

2. Anthracycline :

This drug helps in slow skin cell growth. Anthracycline (dritho-scalp) can also remove the scale and make the skin smoother. But Anthracycline can bother the skin, and it touches almost anything. It usually applies for a short time and then washed.

3. Moisturizer :

Moisturizing creams alone will not correct psoriasis, but they can reduce itching, scaling and dryness. In a plaster base, moisturizers are usually more effective than lighter creams and lotions. Applying immediately after bath or bath to lock in moisture.

If you have moderate psoriasis – or if psoriasis stops responding to other treatments – then your doctor may consider oral or injected medicine.

Avoiding psoriasis is not possible, but some strategies can help people to cope.

Suggestions include: 

1. Reduce stress by doing yoga, exercise, meditation or both

2. Receiving balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight

3. Identifying and avoiding food triggers

Although the doctor chooses treatment based on the type and severity and the severity of skin areas, the traditional approach is to start with the most light treatment – topical cream and ultraviolet light therapy (phototherapy) – in patients with typical skin lesions (plaque) And then if necessary, only make progress for strong people.

Patients with pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis or related arthritis usually require systematic treatment from the onset of treatment. The goal is to find the most effective way to slow down cell business with the least possible side effects.


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