What is preeclampsia: Cause, Symptoms, Testing, Treatment


What is preeclampsia?

Red blood cells (RBCs) can be present in your urine, whether you see pink in the toilet bowl or not. Having RBC in your urine is called hematuria. The blood you can see is called gross hematuria. Urine blood, which is visible only under a microscope (microscopic hematuria), when your doctor tests your urine. Either way, it is important to determine the cause of bleeding.

His blood pressure was normal, and he had no pimples, joint pain or other symptoms. Urinalysis was positive for proteinuria and hematuria, and urine sediment analysis showed the species of discommeral red blood cells (RBCs) and red cells, causing glomerulonephritis Diagnosed He had 1.2 g / 24 hour proteinuria. Laboratory tests for systemic diseases were negative.

• Gross hematuria means that blood is visible in your urine.

• Microscopic hematuria includes RBC, which can be seen only under a microscope.

Blood in urine can be a sign of a serious medical condition, however, it should not be ignored. All cases of hematuria should be evaluated by a doctor who can order a test to confirm or rule an underlying cause. is.

Hematuria has no specific treatment, because it is a symptom and is not a specific condition. Instead, the purpose of treatment is the underlying cause if any can be found. In many cases, no treatment is necessary.

Generally RBCs are not found in the urine. Their presence usually indicates an inherent health issue, such as infection or burning in your urinary tract tissues preeclampsia.

What is the cause of Preeclampsia?

High RBCs can be acute for some reasons. This means that they are temporary situations which only last for a little while.

1. urinary tract infections.

These are when bacteria enter your body through the urethra and multiply in your bladder. Urine in the symptoms can include persistent pain, pain and burning sensation with urination, and urine with extremely strong odor in preeclampsia.

For some people, especially in older adults, the only sign of the disease can be subtle blood in the urine.

2. kidney infections (pyelonephritis).

These can happen when bacteria enter your bloodstream from your kidney or your urine moves to your kidney. Signs and symptoms are often similar to those of bladder infection, although kidney infection is more likely to cause fever and stomach ache preeclampsia.

• Bladder or kidney stones Minerals in the concentrated urine sometimes make crystals on your kidneys or bladder walls. Over time, crystals can become small, hard stones.

3. Infection.

Your urinary tract, bladder, kidney, or prostate infection can cause inflammation and burning sensation, which appears in the RBC in the urine.

• Sexual Action Recent sexual activity can cause irritation in the tissues surrounding urinary tract.

4. vigorous exercise.

Recently strong activity can also cause urinary tract tissue.
Some older (long-term) conditions that can cause RBC in the urine:

• Haemophilia Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder that makes it difficult for a person’s blood to clot. This makes bleeding easy.

5. polycystic kidney disease.

This condition includes kidney ulcers.

6. sickle cell disease .

Sickle-cell disease causes irregular size RBCs.

7. viral hepatitis.

Viral infection can cause liver irritation and can cause blood in the urine.

8. Bladder or kidney cancer.

These two can sometimes cause RBCs in the urine.

• Bladder or kidney stones

• Some kidney diseases, such as inflammation in the kidney filtering system (glomerulonephritis)

• Increased prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) or prostate cancer
Critical diseases such as sickle cell anemia and cystic kidney disease

• Aspirin, penicillin, heparin, cyclophosphamide and phenazopyridine jaase some medicines

What is the symptoms of Preeclampsia?

• Infections in bladder (acute cystitis):

In adults, infections in the bladder usually have irritation or pain with urination. Infants with bladder infection can have a fever, be irritable and can get worse. Older children can have fever, pain and irritation while urinating, there may be immediate and pain in the lower stomach.

• kidney infections (pyelonephritis):

Symptoms may include fever, chills, and abdominal pain, which refers to the pain in the lower back.

• Kidney stone:

Symptoms can include severe stomach or pelvic pain.

• Kidney Diseases:

Symptoms may include weakness, high blood pressure and swelling in the body, including pain around the eyes.

How is RBC detected in urine?

The doctor will usually be testing for RBC during a urinal. This is a test where a person provides urine sample for testing.

Ideally, this urine sample will be a clean catch sample. Providing a clean catch sample involves cleaning your genital area and allows a small quantity of urine to go into the toilet before putting the rest in a sample cup. It helps to ensure that there is no contaminated substance in urine sample. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory for testing.

Occasionally, a doctor will use a dipstick to test the urine sample for RBC’s presence before sending the sample to the laboratory.

The dipstick looks like a piece of paper, but it contains chemicals that will change the color of the paper when exposed to RBC.


1. urine test –

urine test can provide clues about the cause of hematuria. It may contain a urinal, which is done with a dipstick test, and sometimes uses a microscope to analyze urine content. Another test that can be done is urine cell science, which uses a microscope to analyze cells from the lining of the bladder and kidneys (found in urine).

2. Blood tests –

Blood tests can be used to see evidence of kidneys or other diseases, which can cause hematuria.

3. CT scan –

Computed tomography, or CT scan, is a radiological examination that examines the structure of kidney, ureter and bladder. Kidney stones or abnormalities of kidneys, ureters and bladder can usually be seen with CT scans. A dye is usually injected into a vein during testing, which exposes any potential abnormalities.

4. Kidney Ultrasound –

An ultrasound of kidney is an option of CT scans and is preferred for those who are allergic to the diy used in whistle. Ultrasound uses sound waves to make a picture of the structure of the kidneys.


5. Cystoscopy –

Cystoscopy is a process that is often done in the office setting but sometimes one day is done as a surgical procedure. A small tube with the camera is inserted into the bladder through the urethra. To reduce the inconvenience, a numbing gel is applied before inserting the tube. The vast majority of patients bear this process very well.

Urine is formed by the kidney, two fist shaped organs are located on both sides of the spinal cord. The kidneys filter the waste material from the blood, help regulate the amount of water in the body, and preserve proteins, electrolytes, and other compounds, which the body can reuse.

There is no need for anything, it ends in urine, from kidney to urinary to urinary bladder and then through the urethra and out of the body. Urine is usually yellow and relatively clear, but every time someone pisses, the color of urine, quantity, concentration and urine content will be slightly different due to different components.

What is the treatment of Preeclampsia?

The remedy is for the purpose of the underlying cause. After treatment, your doctor will see your urine again whether the blood has gone or not. If your urine still has blood, you may need additional tests, or you may be referred to urologist.

• urine test:

Even if your bleeding was detected through Urinalysis, then there is a possibility of another test to see if your urine still has red blood cells. A urinal may also be examined for the presence of minerals that cause urinary tract infections or kidney stones.

• Imaging test:

Often, an imaging test is needed to find the cause of hematuria. Your doctor may recommend whistle or MRI scan or ultrasound examination.

• Cystitis:

Your doctor has found a narrow tube fitted with a small camera in your bladder to examine the bladder and urethra for signs of illness.

• If there is no underlying cause during initial evaluation, then you may be advised to monitor subsequent urine tests and blood pressure in every three to six months, especially if you have risk factors for your bladder cancer, such as 50 In connection with age or older, smoking cigarettes, or some industrial chemicals


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.