What is Frostbite : Specific Conditions, Symptoms, Treatment


What is Frostbite?

Frostbite refer to cooling of the body tissue (usually skin), which results in the contract of blood vessels, which reduces blood flow and oxygen in the affected body parts.

Normal sensation is lost, and there are also color changes in these tissues.

Frostbite are more likely to affect body parts that are away from body parts and therefore, low blood flow occurs. These include your feet, toe, hands, fingers, nose and ears.

Frostbite is an injury that is caused by exposure to winter parts of the body. Cold causes your skin and the underlying tissue to cool down. Your fingers, toes and feet are most affected. There are various degrees. The skin can be completely cured with immediate treatment. However, if this is dark, then tissue damage can be permanent and tissue loss may occur. For example, the end of a finger or toe may gradually be different. The most important way to stop this is to get out of winter. If you are in contact with cold, make sure you have enough protective clothing.


Frostbite are usually due to long-term contact of cold temperatures, especially if they are with less air-cooling factors. It may also be due to a more concise exposure for cold temperatures.

Generally, in your blood all the parts of your body have oxygen so that your body tissues can be kept healthy. As a protective response, when your body is exposed to extreme cold, the blood vessels are narrowed (to be compressed) so that blood (and oxygen) should be removed from your peak to keep your body alive. Could After some time, the lack of oxygen for skin supply and skin can damage the cells.

Frostbite chance increases as much as you are aware of cold temperatures. If cold temperatures occur with air (air-cooled production that brings down temperature further) or high exposure at high altitude. Generally, This is the worst in low temperature.

Specific situations include:

1. Wear clothes that are not suitable for your circumstances – for example, it does not protect against cold, airy or wet weather or it is very tight.

2. Stay cold and in the air for a very long time. The risk increases because the air temperature drops below 5 F (zero 15C), even with low wind speeds. At zero 16.6 F (zero 27 C) of air, it can be on exposed skin in less than 30 minutes.

3. Tucking material like ice, cold pack or frozen metal.


Frostbite can create a feeling of cold and firmness such as fingers or toes in the affected area. Sting, burning and restraint can also happen. When the affected area is heated again, you may experience pain, throbing, burning sensation or current sensation of electricity.

In the first degree Frostbite, the affected areas of the skin usually turn white and feel mist. Sometimes the skin is red. It can also be difficult or rigid. If it is treated quickly, the skin usually gets completely cured.

In the second degree frostbite, the affected skin is often red, or may be blue. It feels frozen and hard. Usually there is also very swelling of the affected area. The barks filled with a clear or milky fluid appear on the skin.

In fourth degree frostbite, the entire thickness of the skin and the underlying tissues such as muscle, tendon and bone are also damaged. The skin starts to become dark red and motionless and then turns black.

The presence depends on how severe the frostbite degree is, and how much impact the body has had.



The first step for a person with a this is to call for medical assistance. If you are in the area where there is an emergency medical warning system, such as while participating in 911 injured person, someone calls 911 and best describes the condition of the patient. Remove all wet clothes from the affected area, and if possible to avoid inflammation, lift more area from the heart. Keep the person dry and warm. If they are stable and unable to walk then try to keep the person busy in the conversation. If possible, keep the body warm and dry.

If you think, or you know that someone is Frostbite then seek medical care. A health care professional should be able to see and feel the affected area. With the exception of cold cases of cold injuries to hands or feet, a telephone call is not enough. The person who should be assessed by a medical professional for care.

At the initial assessment, it is very difficult to classify the injury as a surface or depth, and it is even more difficult to detect the amount of tissue damage. Therefore, if you or anyone with you has Frostbite, then they should be looked at by a healthcare professional who will monitor the rearming process, attempt to classify the injury, and proceed with the treatment process. This will need assessment and potential treatment for hypothermia and dehydration.


After outside or managing early life-threatening problems, rearming is a top priority in medical care.

1. It is completed in a hot water bath from 40 C to 42 C (104 F to 107.6 F) and is continued until the cold is complete (usually 15 to 30 minutes).

2. Narcotic pain medicines can be given because the procedure is very painful.

3. Because dehydration is very common, IV fluids can also be given.

4. Aloe vera cream applies every 6 hours, and the area is elevated and splinted.

5. A similar anti-inflammatory OTC drug can be given to reduce ibpropylene or inflammation.

6. For deep frostbite, daily water treatment will be done in 40c (104 F) whirlpool bath to remove any dead tissue.

After the rearrangement, post-throat care is taken to prevent infection and to prevent continuous decrease of oxygen in the area.


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