What is Antibiotics: How to Take Them

Antibiotics

Antibiotics?

In common use, antibiotic or antibiotic is a substance or compound that kills or stops the growth of bacteria. Antigenic antibacterial is a broad group of compounds, which are used due to bacteria seen by microscopes including fungus and protozoa. Is to treat infection.

The word “antibiotic” was used in 1942 by Salman Waxman for any solid or liquid produced by a micro organism, which are opposed to the development of other microorganisms in high dilution.

This basic definition does not contain naturally occurring concrete or liquid substances, which are capable of killing bacteria, but are not produced by microorganisms (such as gastric juice and hydrogen paroxide) and also do not contain synthetic antibacterial compounds such as sulfonamide. Are there. Many antibiotics are relatively small molecules, which have less weight than 2000 Da.

You must have taken at least once in your lifetime. As a child, painful stripe throat (infection of the throat from the bacteria called strep) or from the treatment of ear infections, for urinary tract infections that burns when young, or itching in the skin, antibiotics medicines The most important are the medicines used for the pharmaceutical categories.

Antibiotics revolutionized the medicines after the beginning of use since the 1940s and saved many lives, because they provided the means of treating many diseases and infections, including serious infections due to bacterial bacteria.

To help prevent the progress of antibiotic resistance, it is important that antibiotics be taken only on prescribed by the doctor and taken correctly.

Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections, such as common cold, flu, most cough and sore throat.

Many mild bacterial infections can be cleared by your immune system without using antibiotics, so they are not regularly scheduled.

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Type?

1. Penicillin:

Widely used to treat various types of infections, including skin infections, chest infections and urinary tract infections.

2. Cephalosporins:

Used to treat a wide range of infections, but are also effective for treating some more serious infections, such as septicemia and meningitis

3. Aminooglycosides:

Only cure diseases such as septicemia are used in the hospital to treat, as they can cause serious side effects, which include hearing loss and kidney damage; They are usually given by injection, but some can be given in the form of drops for ear or eye infection

4. Tetracycline:

Can be used to treat a wide range of infections, but is usually used to treat middle-to-severe acne and rosacea.

5. Macroids:

It can be particularly useful for the treatment of infection in the lungs and chest, or for people with penicillin allergies or may have an option to treat bacterial penicillin-resistant strains.

6. Fluoroquinolone:

Broad spectrum antibiotics which can be used to treat a wide range of infections.

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Antibiotics

Side Effects?

Antibiotics are tested for any negative effect before their approval for clinical use, and are generally tolerated safely and well. However, some antibiotics have been associated with a variety of adverse side effects, ranging from light to very serious to the use of antibiotic, targeting of microbes and on the basis of individual patients.

Side effects may indicate medicinal or toxic properties of antibiotic or may be susceptible to allergic or allergic reactions. The safety profiles of new drugs are often not as well established, which have a long history of use.

Common side effects include diarrhea, which occurs as a result of the disintegration of the structure of the species in the intestinal flora, as a result, for example, in the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria, such as Clostridium difficile. Antibacterial can also affect vaginal flora, and in the vulcan-vaginal region, genus can cause the spread of yeast species of Candida.

Additional side effects may be the result of interaction with other drugs, such as the possibility of tendon damage due to the administration of quinolone antibiotic with a systemic mechanism.

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Use?

If you have an infection, it is important to know that it is bacterial or viral.

The virus causes the most respiratory tract infections, such as the common cold and flu. Antibiotics do not work against these viruses.

If people use antibiotics or use it incorrectly, then there is a risk that bacteria will become resistant. This means that antibiotic becomes less effective against that type of bacteria because the bacterium has been able to improve its defenses.

A doctor can write a broad spectrum antibiotic to treat a wide range of infections. A narrow-spectrum antibiotic is only effective against certain types of bacteria. Some antibiotics attack aerobic bacteria, while others work against anaerobic bacteria. Aerobic bacteria require oxygen and not the anaerobic bacteria.

In some cases, antibiotics can be given to prevent infection instead of infections, as before surgery. This is called ‘prophylactic’ use of antibiotics. People usually use these antibiotics before bowel and orthopedic surgery.

Conclusion

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