What is eczema: Types, 5 Reason, Symptoms, Treatment, Medicines



Eczema is a medical condition that is characterized by some of the skin, crack, red, itchy and swollen patch. Occasionally there may be blisters. Eczema is also called atopic dermatitis.

Eczema can be contagious in some cases. Eczema is a condition in which stains and swelling develops in the body’s skin. These conditions cause severe itching, red chakta, cutaneous and rusty skin. And sometimes there may be blisters (blisters) on the skin.

The word “eczema” is also used to express the condition of atopic dermatitis in particular. That is, atopic dermatitis is one of the most common forms.

Due to the loss of natural skin obstruction, many factors can be the result of factors: genetics, allergens, washing chemicals etc. As a result, skin may be more susceptible to the disease and may be more susceptible to repeated use of water, detergents and others. jealousy. It will also lose its ability to maintain moisture.


Common types:

1. Atopic Dermatitis

2. Dyshidrotic

3. Eczema on hand

4. Neurodermatitis

5. Pneumullor

6. Statitis Dermatitis

7. Contact Dermatitis


1. Environmental environment:

Hot and cold temperatures can also cause.

2. Microorganisms:

Among these, bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses and some fungi are also involved in its risk factors.

3. Stimulating substance:

These include soap, detergent, shampoo, disinfectant, fresh fruit, meat or vegetables juices. These substances can give an aggressive appearance.

4. Mother’s age at birth:

In the child born by older people or elderly women, it is more likely to have this disease than those born by young age or younger women.

5. Family history:

Eczema is considered to be a genetic disease, which can go further by generation.


The symptoms of atopic dermatitis can vary, depending on the age of the person with this condition.

The inflammation of atopic dermatitis is usually in infants, dry and scabrous patches appear on the skin. These patches often have sharp itching.

Most people develop neoplastic dermatitis before the age of 5. Half of those who develop conditions in childhood have symptoms as an adult.

However, these symptoms are often different for those who are experienced by children.

People with the condition will often experience a period of time where their symptoms flare or deteriorate, after a period of time where their symptoms will improve or become clear.



The symptoms of this disease can be controlled in most people, with the right treatment. However, it is difficult to control severe this completely. Following the instructions of the doctor is very beneficial. However, there is no cure. Also, it is difficult to detect any such element, so that your skin has some kind of sensitivity. Certain skin care tips can be helpful for you.

1. Use light soap which does not dry your skin. You will find a good moisturizer in the form of cream, lotion or ointment.

2. If your eczema is very serious, then add a little bit of bleach to the bath water. This will kill bacteria present on the skin of people suffering.

3. Take a hot water shower for a short duration. Do not bath for a very long period of time or with very hot water, the skin becomes dry.

4. Keep moisture in your skin, dry air can harm the skin.

The doctor may recommend using corticosteroid cream or ointment to reduce itching. Antibiotics may be helpful in treating skin infections.


There are many medicines that doctors can write to treat symptoms.

1. Topical Corticosteroid Creams and Plasters:

It is a type of anti-inflammatory drug and should remove the main symptoms, such as swelling and itching in the skin. They are applied directly to the skin.

2. Systemic Corticosteroids:

If topical remedies are not effective, systemic corticosteroids can be prescribed. They are either phoned or taken from the mouth, and they are used only for a short time.

3. Antibiotics:

These are determined if occurs with a bacterial skin infection.

4. Antiviral and antifungal drugs:

They can cure fungal and viral infections that occur.

5. Antihistamines:

They reduce the risk of scratches in the night because they can cause drowsiness.

6. Chronic calcineurin inhibitor:

It is a type of medicine that suppresses the activity of the immune system. It reduces inflammation and helps prevent flare-ups.

7. Barrier Repair Moisturizer:

They reduce water shortage and work to fix the skin.

8. Phototherapy:

In this, alone or combined in contact with ultraviolet A or B waves. The skin will be monitored carefully. This method is usually used to treat moderate dermatitis.

Even if the condition is still not cured, but each person should have a special treatment plan to treat them with various symptoms. Even after an area of ​​skin is cured, it is important to take care of it, because it can be easily irritated again.



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