Rheumatoid Arthritis: Reason, Symptoms & Treatment

Rheumatoid Arthritis

What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system – which usually protects its health by attacking foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses – accidentally attacks joints. It produces inflammation which causes the tissue to thicken (synovium) inside the joints, resulting in inflammation and joint pain in and around. Synovium forms a fluid that lubricates joints and helps them to move smoothly.

If the swelling becomes unchecked, it can damage cartilage, elastic tissue which covers the ends of the bones in the joint, as well as bones. Over time, cartilage is damaged, and the joint difference between the bones may be small. Joints can be loose, unstable, painful and lose their mobility. Joint deformity may also occur. Combined damage cannot be reversed, and because it can be done early, doctors recommend initial diagnosis and aggressive treatment to control RA.

The RA affects the joints on both sides of the body, such as both hands, both wrists, or both knees. This symmetry helps to separate it from other types of arthritis. Over time, the RA can affect other parts and systems of the body, which can take from your eyes to your heart, lungs, skin, blood vessels and more.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an old swelling disorder that can affect only more than your joints. In some people, the condition can damage the body’s various systems including skin, eyes, lungs, heart and blood vessels. An autoimmune disorder, arthritis occurs when your immune system accidentally attacks your body’s tissues.

Usually affects hands and feet first, but it can be in any joint. It usually involves the same joint on both sides of the body.

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What is the reason for rheumatoid arthritis?

The resulting inflammation condenses the synovium, which can eventually destroy the cartilage and bone within the joint. Tendons and ligaments which hold the joint together, weaken and stretch. Gradually, the joint loses its shape and alignment.

There is a possibility of a genetic component. While your genes do not actually cause rheumatoid arthritis, they can make you more sensitive to environmental factors – like infection with some viruses and bacteria – which can trigger the disease.

Due to swelling, the synapse becomes thicker. After all, if left untreated, it can invade and destroy cartilage – connective tissue which cures the ends of the bones.

Tendons and ligaments which hold the joint together, they can also weaken and stretch. The joint eventually loses its shape and configuration. The damage can be serious.

What’s the risk?

Factors that increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis include:

1. Your sex

Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis.

2. Age

Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age, but it usually starts between the ages of 40 and 60.

3. Family history

If a member of your family has rheumatoid arthritis, then you can increase the risk of illness.

4. Smoking

Cigarette smoke increases the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, especially if you have a genetic tendency to develop the disease. Smoking also appears to be linked to more and more diseases seriously.

5. Environmental Risks

Although considered unsure and bad, some risks like asbestos or silica can increase the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Emergency workers from the collapse of the World Trade Center are at high risk for autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

6. Obesity

Those who are overweight or obese, they appear at high risk of developing gout, especially in women when they are 55 or younger.

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What are the complications?

1. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

It is a type of nerve damage that stems from the burning of the nerve in compression and wrist. Symptoms include pain, numbness, and fingers, thumb, and tingling in the arm.

2. Inflammation:

It can affect the lungs, heart, blood vessels, eyes and other parts of the body.

3. Tandon breakage:

Tendon may cause rupture due to swelling, especially on the back of the fingers.

4. Cervical myelopathy:

The disruption of joints in the neck or cervical spine can put pressure on the spinal cord. As a result, there may be a lack of mobility and pain. As RA grows, the risk of cervical myelopathy increases.

5. Vascular:

Due to inflammation of blood vessels, they can be weak, thick, narrow and scar. This can affect the blood flow in the tissues and the organ function may be affected.

6. Sensitivity for infection:

There is a high risk of developing cold, flu, pneumonia and other diseases, especially if the person is taking immunosuppressant drugs to manage RA. People with RA should ensure their immunization, such as flu jabs, up-to-date.

What are the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis?

  • Tender, hot, swollen joints
  • Combined hardness which usually gets worse after morning and inactivity
  • Fatigue, fever and weight loss

Rheumatoid arthritis can affect many non-aqueous structures, including:

  • Skin
  • Eyes
  • A general feeling of being unhealthy
  • Fever
  • Loss of function and mobility
  • Weight Loss
  • Weakness
  • Lungs
  • Heart
  • Kidneys
  • Salivary glands
  • Nervous tissue
  • Marrow
  • Blood vessels
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Hardness

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid symptoms and symptoms can vary in severity and may even come and go. The period of enlarged disease activity, called flares, is optional with a period of relative exemption – when swelling and pain disappears or disappears.

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What is the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis?


People with rheumatoid arthritis often have a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, or sed rate) or C-Reactive protein (CRP), which can indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in the body. Other common blood tests look for rheumatic agents and anti-cyclic citrus peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies.

2. Imaging Test

Your doctor may recommend X-rays over time to help you track the progress of rheumatoid arthritis. MRI and ultrasound tests can help your doctor to judge the severity of the disease in your body.

3. Exercise regularly

Gentle exercises can help strengthen the muscles around your joints, and this can help you fight fatigue. Check with your doctor before starting the exercise. If you are just beginning, start a walk. Try swimming or soft water aerobics. Avoid exercising of tender, injured or severely swollen joints.

4. Summer or winter

Summer can help reduce your pain and relax stressful, painful muscles. Cold pain can slow down the sensation. The cold also has a numbing effect and the spasm of the muscles decreases.


Find ways to deal with pain by reducing stress in your life. Techniques such as guided imagery, distraction, and muscle relaxation can be used to control pain.

Treatment usually involves medicines, occupational or physical therapy and regular exercise. Some people require surgery to repair joint damage. Initial, aggressive treatment is important for good results. And with today’s treatments, joint damage can be slowed or stopped in many cases.


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