Which is also called alopecia or baldness, refers to the hair fall from the head or part of the body. Typically, at least the head is included in it. The severity of hair loss can vary from one small area to the whole body. Usually inflammation or wound does not exist. Some people have a psychological crisis due to hair fall.
Except for the palms of our hands and soles of our feet, the hair grows everywhere on human skin, but many hairs are so fine that they disappear. Hair is made of a protein called Keratin which occurs in the hair follicles in the outer layer of the skin. Since follicles produce new hair cells, old cells are pushed out of the skin surface at roughly six inches per year.
Baldness usually refers to hair fall from your scalp. The loss of hereditary hair with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people like to let their hair fall untreated and untouched. Others can cover it with hairstyles, makeup, hat or scarves.
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Types of Hair Loss?
- Informal alopecia is a natural condition in which the hair gradually increases with age. More hair follicles move to a resting stage, and the remaining hair decreases in smaller numbers.
- Androgenic alopecia is a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. Men with this condition, which are called male pattern baldness, can start hair loss at the beginning of their teens or early 20’s. It is characterized by a recurrence of hair and gradually disappearing from the crown and frontal scalp. Women with this condition, who are called female pattern baldness, do not experience noticeable thinness of 40 or more. With the widest hair fall on the crown, women experience a general slimy on the entire scalp.
- Alopecia areata often starts suddenly and causes hair fall in children and young adults. In this condition, full baldness (alopecia total) can occur. But around 90% of people with hair, in this situation, come back in a few years.
- Alopecia universalis causes all the hair in the body, including eyebrows, eyelids and pubic hair.
- The most frequently seen trichotillomania in children is a psychological disorder in which the person draws his own hair.
- Teleogen Falvium is a temporary hair that is thin on the skull which is caused by changes in hair growth cycle. A large number of children enter the phase of rest at the same time, causing the hair to flow and later become thin.
- Hair loss is permanent due to scarring alopecia. The state of inflammatory skin (cellulitis, foliculitis, acne) and other skin disorders (such as some form of lupus and lichine plenus) often produce traces that destroy the ability to regenerate the hair.
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What is the Reason for Hair Fall?
- Normal levels of hormones (such as male hormones normally made by men and women)
- Genes, male or female patterns can affect a person’s tendency for baldness from both male and female parents.
- Temporary hair loss may be due to stress, illness and delivery. Shingles caused by fungal infections can also cause hair loss.
- Drugs used in chemotherapy, cancer treatment, blood diluted, controlled beta adrenergic blockers blood pressure, and birth control pills, can be caused by temporary hair loss.
- Burns, injury and X-rays can cause temporary hair loss. In such cases, normal hair growth usually comes back as long as the injury does not recover until a mark is produced. Again, hair never will fall.
- Diet. A low protein diet or severe calorie-restricted diet can also cause temporary hair loss.
- Medicines and supplements Hair loss can be a side effect of some medications, such as for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and hypertension.
- radiation therapy to the head. Hair can not grow back as before.
- Very stressful event Many people experience hair thinning for many months after physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.
- Some hair styles and treatments. Excessive hairstyles or hairstyles that pull your hair tightly, such as piglets or corners, can cause a type of hair loss, which is called traction alopecia.
What is the Symptoms of Hair Loss?
- Gradually slimming over the head This is the most common type of hair loss, which affects both men and women. In men, hair often begins to remember in a line from the forehead, which resembles the letter M. Women usually retain the hairline on the forehead, but one part is widened in their hair.
- Circular or patchy bald spots. Some people experience balmy, coin-shaped bald scars. This type of hair loss usually affects only the scalp, but it is also sometimes done in beard or eyebrows. In some cases, it may be itching or pain in your skin before hair falls.
- Lack of hair suddenly A physical or emotional blow may loose hair. Hair can come out even after combing or washing or benign tagging. The reason for this type of hair loss is usually hair fall and no bald patches.
- Full body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can be the result of hair loss throughout your body. Hair usually grows back.
- Scaling patch which spread on the scalp. This is a sign of herpes. It can happen with broken hair, redness, swelling and occasionally embarrassment.
What is the Treatment of Hair Fall?
This may include reducing inflammation and medicines that suppress your immune system, such as prednisone. If a certain drug is causing hair loss, then your doctor may advise you to stop using it for at least three months.
- Minoxidil (pathine). This is an over-the-counter (nonprescription) drug approved for men and women. It comes in the form of a liquid or foam, which you rub every day in your scalp. Wash your hands after application. First of all you can shed hair as hair follicles. New hair can be smaller and thinner than previous hair. To prevent further hair loss and to regrowth the hair requires at least six months of treatment. You need to apply the medicine to maintain the benefits.
- Potential side effects include the burning of the scalp, the development of unwanted hair on the skin of the face and hands, and rapid heart rate (tachycardia).
- Finasteride (Propecia) This is a prescription drug approved for men. You take it daily in the form of a tablet. Many people experience a decrease in hair loss by taking whole thyroid, and some may show some new hair growth. You need to keep taking it to maintain profit. Finasteride can not work for more than 60 men.
Rare side effects of phenastide are less sex drives and increased risk of sexual function and prostate cancer. Women who are pregnant or may need to avoid touching crushed or broken pills.
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